優質的工藝花茶,其外形細緊、勻稱、精緻。
 
享受一杯會開花的茶
文/許玉蓮
 
工藝花茶的製作是指以茶葉和可食用花朵為原料,經捆紮、製成不同形狀的一個個「茶與花的結合體」,茶與花的香味將在水中釋出後才互溶。工藝花茶不宜歸類進熏花茶,它可自成一類,因為它不「熏」,熏花茶的做法,是以新鮮花兒與茶拌和,讓茶葉飽吸花香,再把花香已吐盡的鮮花棄掉,只保留茶葉,花香已進入茶的身骨頭。

工藝花茶的茶葉原料多採用嫩芽製成的針狀形綠茶,花朵有千日紅、金盞菊、康乃馨和茉莉花等,再用手工將它們紮起看上去像花或像球一樣的形狀。

根據工藝花茶沖泡時的動態感與視覺感,此茶分為三類:一.綻放型工藝花茶,沖泡時茶葉中內部包飾着的花朵會緩緩綻放。二.躍動型工藝花茶,沖泡時茶葉中內部包飾着的花朵有明顯躍動升起的姿勢。三.飄絮型工藝花茶,沖泡時有細小花絮從茶葉內心中飄起再緩慢下落。

優質的工藝花茶,其外形細緊、勻稱、精緻。條索清晰順暢,茶座圓潤,無混雜,均勻整潔。整朵茶座的色澤,應具有相應茶類特有的色澤。其整朵茶座茶芽展開齊整,造型要完好。內飾花朵色澤鮮亮、朵形舒展完美不折斷。

工藝花茶的特色:沖泡時採用中溫約攝氏80°即可,水不可太熱,否則會造成味苦。吸水後茶球就下沉、茶芽舒展、內飾花卉緩慢舒張,最後整朵花座就會彷彿「開花」這樣顯現出來,極之好看。它的開放過程約三分鐘內完成,它的氣味芬芳,口感微苦,香味鮮爽,清新,花味明顯。
 
The Way to a Perfect Glass of BlossomingTea

by Hooi Yoke Lien
 
Handcrafted flower teas are a combination of tealeaves and flowers.  Tealeaves and edible flowers are meticulously bundled so that each unfurls into unique artful shape when it is steeped in water. The flavor and aroma of both tealeaves and flowers are released into the infusion. Handcrafted flower teas should be differentiated from scented tea. Scented tea has gone through a special scenting process whereby tealeaves take in the aroma of fresh flowers mixed into them. The flowers are then removed when the aroma is fully absorbed.  When the process is completed, the aroma would have penetrated deep into each strand of tealeaves.
 
Most handcrafted flower teas use tender buds of needle-shaped green tea as the raw ingredients. As for the flowers, the popular choices are amaranth, marigold, carnation and jasmine. The tealeaves and flowers are tied up to form artisanal bundles shaped like bouquet or pellets.
 
Handcrafted flower teas can be divided into three types, according to the way they unfurl and the visual appeal they offer. The ‘blooming’ first type opens up and reveals slowly the flowers positioned at the centre of the bundle as it steeps in water. The ‘rising’ type has the flowers rising from the enwrapping tealeaves as it brews. The ‘showering’ type has tiny floral bits floating out from the centre of the bundle then slower showering down.
 
Quality handcrafted flower teas feature fine, even strips of leaf with clear texture. The base is well-shaped and balanced. The colour of the flower should match that of the tea infusion. When unfurled, the tealeaves should have a neat and well-formed shape. The flowers inside should be bright in colour and the blooms should be unbroken and open up comfortably.
 
Special features of handcrafted flower tea:  brew with water at about 80 ° C.  The tea will become bitter if the water temperature is too high. The tea bundle sinks as it absorbs water. As the tea buds unfurl , the decorative flowers inside slowly open up. It is indeed a captivating sight when the entire bouquet blooms in the glass or teapot. The process should be over in about three minutes.  The infusion gives a crisp, refreshing fragrance with a distinct floral note and a hint of bitterness. 
沖泡飄絮型工藝花茶,泡茶器要有足夠深度。