沖泡及享用龍井的秘訣
文/許玉蓮
 
龍井茶的特質是茶芽鮮嫩,香味清醇回甘,品飲時口舌生津,唾液湧泉而來,滋潤滋潤的,喝了讓人覺得舒暢。看著龍井茶柔嫩的芽頭在碧綠茶湯中飄逸飛舞,讓人感覺到春光盈盈,細雨霏霏的田園自然風光,生活頓時像一首感性的詩。

有了好茶,當然不可忽略也需要懂得沖泡的技法,才可將龍井茶的內含物質全然發揮,故此沖泡龍井茶時有些細節非常講究,馬虎不得。

首先泡茶水溫千萬不能過高,別使用剛剛沸騰100°c的熱水,因為滾燙熱水泡出來的龍井茶,喝起來有澀感。龍井沖泡只需要水溫75°c至85°c就好,這樣沖泡,龍井茶才會顯現甘美的效果。那麼要如何調控水溫呢?別擔心,不必拿溫度計去量,只需要在泡茶席上預備一支茶海即可。

以下介紹沖泡龍井茶的方法:
一.泡茶器可選用瓷、玻璃、陶等質地的製成品。器物的造型不拘,可選蓋碗、壺、有柄杯、濾芯杯等不同形狀的茶具。

二.將熱水先倒入之前已經預備好的茶海內,擱置一會兒,給熱水攤涼降溫後,再用於泡茶。
三.將茶葉放入泡茶器內。茶量約是泡茶器的1/4滿。

四.拿起茶海,將已經降溫的水倒入泡茶器,浸泡茶葉。

五.大約浸泡40秒,將茶湯倒進茶海。(即剛才裝熱水的茶海。)

六.拿起茶海,將茶湯分別倒入品杯。

七.最後可奉茶、喝茶。

八.提起品杯,先欣賞茶湯,碧綠晶瑩,可愛。含一口茶在嘴裡細細咀嚼,有清新芽香味。
 
九.同樣一壺茶,可重複沖泡約四道茶。
 

The Secrets of Brewing and Enjoying Long Jing Tea

By  Hooi Yoke Lien

Freshness and purity are the distinguished features of the young sprouts of Long Jing Tea. While drinking the tea, our mouth and tongue will sense its pleasant taste which is soothing and lasting. As mouth-watering and moistening as it is, we will also feel comfortable when drinking the tea. While observing the fresh and light-coloured Long Jing sprouts swaying in the green tea, it is as if resembling the countryside's natural scene during a drizzle in spring. In a prompt manner, our life is as if a sentimental poem.

With quality tea at hands, we mustn't ignore the need to acquire tea-brewing skills so as to bring out the taste of Long Jing Tea's containing substances. Therefore, we have to be meticulous about the details when brewing Long Jing Tea.

Firstly, avoid brewing tea with boiling water. Avoid using just-boiled water whose temperature is as high as 100°c, for it makes the tea unsmooth. A water temperature of 75°c to 85°c is ideal for brewing tea, for it brings out the lovely taste of Long Jing Tea. But how we are to adjust water temperature? We certainly don't need a thermometre; a tea pitcher would be sufficient instead.

The steps of brewing Long Jing Tea are as follows:

I. Our tea utensils can be made of porcelain, glass, or pottery. Select the utensils' shape as we like – lidded cup, teapot, mug, or strainer mug.

II. Pour the hot water onto the tea pitcher which we have prepared earlier. Leave it for a while so that the water temperature decreases slightly before we brew tea.

III. Insert tea leaves to fill up one quarter of the tea pot.

IV. Uplift the tea pitcher and pour the hot water – which has cooled off a bit – into the pot to soak the tea leaves.

V. Soak the tea leaves for about 40 seconds, then pour the tea onto the tea pitcher – which we used for cooling off the hot water.

VI. Uplift the tea pitcher and pour the tea into tea cups.

VII. Finally, serve and drink tea.

VIII. Hold the cup and appreciate the tea – which is green and translucent and charming. Sip and taste the tea slowly in our mouth, and we will enjoy the fresh and fragrant taste diffused by the young sprouts.

IX. The same pot of tea can be brewed and served as many as four times.