持壺有法,茶味更美

文/許玉蓮

泡茶的主要茶器是壺,茶壺大多數有壺把,壺把的存在爲了讓使用者便于提拿倒茶出湯。如何持壺並沒有說只規定有一種方法而已,但持壺時不應只考慮“這樣拿漂不漂亮、優雅不優雅”,持壺法首要達到的目的是安全,預防被熱乎乎的一壺茶水燙傷手指,二來也不要因水燙而摔壞掉茶壺,那是非常掃興的一件事。

制作壺把的總的要求是,與茶壺整體造型結合得美觀,使用時覺得順暢,提拿時覺得均勻穩重。懂得如何持拿一支壺,泡茶喝茶更加立杆見效,增加茶藝樂趣,持壺有法,茶味更美。學習持壺之前,必須先了解壺把有四類造型:

一.端把,壺把呈耳朵狀,與壺嘴相對。耳狀上大下小的稱正耳把,耳狀上細下粗的稱倒把,耳朵高過壺身的稱高耳。

二.提梁,提梁即壺把的一種,設計爲拱橋狀懸于壺蓋上方,像一道彩虹挂在那裏。提梁有硬提梁:制坯時即裝置在壺身,燒成後于壺身成爲一體,不可動搖。另軟提梁:多用金屬、藤、竹穿覆與壺身鈕洞中,是活絡的,放手了它會倒向壺體的肩上。

三.橫把,也稱作“柄”,裝置壺身一側,與壺嘴成直角,有斜柄和直柄。

四.飛天把,壺把單邊與壺身固著,呈彩帶飛舞的“飛天”狀“飛”至壺蓋上方。

持壺法主要分成單手操作與雙手操作。單手操作之意,就是“持把”與“按鈕”同時由一只手爲之。雙手操作之意,即一手“持把”,另一只手的食指“按鈕”。這裏要介紹一下“鈕”是什麽,“鈕”是壺蓋上之“的”,爲了揭拿壺蓋方便而設置。持壺倒茶時,壺身傾斜,恐壺蓋會跌下來因而要按著它。有些壺鈕上會有個小孔稱“氣孔”,按鈕時不可按住此氣孔,按住了茶水就流不出來,這是學習持壺要注意之事。

單手操作適合哪種壺呢,大約300cc以內的端把壺都可以,其方法是以拇指和中指提把,然後以食指按鈕,其他二指收攏輕輕托住中指即可。

雙手操作適合用于下列壺把:高耳狀端把壺,其方法是用拇指與食指捏著把的頂端,其他三指收攏靠著食指,另一手伸出食指按住壺鈕,其他四指向食指合攏即可。

300cc以上大型端把壺,其方法是將食指、中指或更多手指穿過壺把扣著,拇指按住壺把上方,另一只手的食指按住蓋鈕,其他四指收攏。

提梁壺持壺法,其方法是用食指及以下手指提起拱橋式的壺把,拇指按著拱橋一側,另一只手的食指按住蓋鈕,其他四指收攏。

橫把壺持壺法,其方法是用食指及其他三指托起把柄,拇指按著柄上,另一只手的食指按住蓋鈕,其他四指收攏。

飛天壺持壺法,其方法是用食指及以下指頭從外往內勾住壺提,拇指按著食指交接點,然後另一只手的食指按住蓋鈕,其他四指收攏。

 

The Flavour Of Tea Can Be Enhanced Through Proper Handling Of Tea Pot

By Hooi Yoke Lien


Teapot is the core utensil for brewing tea. Most teapots have a handle, which allows the user to lift the pot to pour a cup of tea. There is more than one way to hold a teapot; the graceful and stylish way of handling a pot is never the only consideration. Safety is always the first principle of handling a pot – we must protect our fingers from boiling water burn. Also, we must not accidentally let go of the boiling pot and subsequently break it into pieces. This will surely spoil the pleasure of tea enjoyment.

The overall requirement to design teapot handle is that the handle should be combined nicely with the overall shape of the pot. This is to ensure smooth handling, for the sake of the user’s steady holding of the pot. When we have learnt the correct ways to handle a pot, it will enhance our tea-brewing outcome, and thus making our tea experience more interesting. In other words, better holding of teapot ensures better taste. Before learning how to hold the handle, we shall understand four types of teapot handle –

i. Ear-shaped handle

The ear-shaped handle is positioned on the other side of the mouth. An ear-shaped handle whose upper part is wider than lower part – is known as the upright handle. A downright handle is one whose lower part is wider than upper part. Overlying handle is one whose handle is taller than the pot.

ii. Arch handle

Another design of teapot handle whose shape similar to an arch bridge – a curve with two ends down and the middle up – as if a rainbow. Some pots have fixed arch handle – with both ends firmly fixated on the pot's shoulder. Some pots, on the other hand, have flexible arch handle – with both ends fixated by metal or bamboo or cane hook to the shoulders. When not in use, the handle naturally leans to either side of the pot's shoulder.

iii. Side handle

Side handle is a handgrip placed next to the pot's body, with the spout and mouth on the other side of the pot. Side handles are either of slanting or straight directions.

iv. Flyover handle

Fixated to one of the pot, the handle literally flies over the pot cover.

Pots are either handled single-handedly or double-handedly. The single-handedly way is performed when we hold the handle and lightly press the knob at the same time. On the tip of the lid there is a knob, designed for user’s convenience of placing and lifting the lid. The pot is leaning one side when we are pouring tea, we lightly press the lid so that it does not fall apart. Another type of knob is designed with a top hole, which we shall not cover up because the tea can never flow when the air does not go out from the top hole. Which worth our attention when learning to hold a pot.

Single-handed way suits pots of no more than 300cc. Hold the handle with our thumb and middle finger, and lightly press the knob with our index finger. Draw in ring finger and pinkie, slightly supporting middle finger.

Double-handed way suits pots of overlying ear-shaped handle. Hold the top of the handle with thumb and index finger, draw in the other three fingers and slightly support the index finger. Press the knob with the other hand's index finger, and draw in the other four fingers.

For pots of ear-shaped handle weighing over 300cc, hold the handle with index and middle fingers (or even more), press against the top side of the handle with our thumb. Press the knob with the other hand's index finger, and draw in the other four fingers.

As for pots of arch handle, press against the edge of the handle with our thumb, hold the handle with the other four fingers. Press the knob with the other hand's index finger, and draw in the other four fingers.

For pots of side handle, press against the top of the handle with our thumb, hold the handle with the other four fingers. Press the knob with the other hand's index finger, and draw in the other four fingers. 

For pots of flyover handle, grip the handle from outside to inside – with four fingers from index to pinkie, press our thumb against the position of index finger. Press the knob with the other hand's index finger, and draw in the other four fingers.

 

小型端把壺持壺法 Handling small pot of ear-shaped handle

高耳狀端把壺持壺法  Handling big pot of ear-shaped handle

大型端把壺持壺法 Handling big pot of ear-shaped handle

提梁壺持壺法 Handling pot of arch handle

橫把壺持壺法 Handling pot of side handle

飛天壺持壺法 Handling pot of flyover handle