紫藤集團董事長林福南考察曬青毛茶。
家庭收放新普洱的方法

文/紫藤茶藝學習中心   许玉莲  提供
 
採收茶樹的鮮葉,經攤放然後殺青、揉捻、曬乾製成的曬青毛茶,就是生的普洱茶原料,這些曬青毛茶經過蒸壓工序,就製成各種大小形狀不一的餅茶、沱茶或磚茶等。這類普洱生茶品可通過收放陳化的作用,發展、醞釀和完善它的質地,在一定的倉存環境與收藏時間達到條件的話,普洱生茶就慢慢轉化成醇厚的“老茶味道”。

普洱應採取怎樣的空間收放?需分開情況來考慮,即收藏家、商家或家庭消費者各個層面因量大、量小而有調整。此篇針對家庭收放新制普洱提出,影響普洱氧化最大的環境條件是溫度、濕度、氧氣、光線和異味,因此對這幾方面需留意。

(一)溫度、濕度:普洱的陳化作用不能在過高或過低的溫度實施,同樣的,過高或過低的濕度也不利於它的變化,在一個人們感覺到比較舒適的溫度大約攝氏20°之30°之間,相對濕度大約在70°上下的環境,這對普洱而言也是挺適合的。也就是說,在馬來西亞收放普洱,是一個相當適合的地域。

(二)異味:可以的話,將普洱收進一個專用茶房,或儘量將普洱單獨收入一個空間、櫥櫃,與其他雜物和味道隔開。每個家庭都會有一些廚房的飯菜香,洗澡間一些洗滌用品的氣味和濕氣,把普洱隔開就可。

(三)光線:不要讓普洱直接曬到陽光,找一個背光的空間來存放,也別用燈光照着它,普洱需要陰涼的環境,光照容易使它變質。日曬與電燈發出的熱將會使普洱失去活性,久了之後它的本質會“死亡”。

(四)氧氣:普洱要空氣流通的環境,但是不能過分流通,也要能聚氣的地方,因為那樣才得到足夠的氧氣與水分,使普洱茶變化。比如說普洱茶收在一個小房間裡,此處就不再收其他雜物,平時可關上門,一個月打開幾次給它換換空氣,才不至於“死氣沉沉”。

(五)用什麼裝茶:比較量大的,照原來包裝格式每片用棉紙、每桶七片用牛皮紙或竹殻包着,再用乾淨無味的紙箱裝着存放即可。

幾片、幾片的普洱,就用原來的包裝紙盒或棉紙包着即可。如果發覺現有包裝紙質稍差帶異味,自行採購質地好無異味的棉紙或信封包好才收。包時一片一片分開,不要混合著包就不會串味。
一些準備短期收放、時不時就要拿出來試試嘗嘗的普洱,可將整片普洱鬆開變成“散茶”的樣子,放入紫砂罐或陶罐收存,這些器物透氣性高,普洱因此而陳化得比較快。

Storing Young Puer Tea At Home
By Hooi Yoke Lien

Puer traditionally begins as a raw product known as sun-wilted raw tea, or shai qing maocha. These are unfermented tealeaves that have gone through fixation, rolling and sun-drying after being picked fresh. They are then steamed and compressed into various forms, including tea cakes, tuocha and tea bricks. Raw Puer may benefit from extended storage and age to maturity. With the right conditions and duration, raw puer will transform into a rich, smooth and mellow tea typical of ‘vintage’ teas.

Where should Puer be stored? It depends. A collector, a merchant or a family may store it differently because of circumstances; the quantity may require different arrangement, too. This article highlights the impact of the environment on the storage of young Puer tea, namely that of temperature, humidity, oxygen, light and odour.

A) Temperature and humidity: ageing of Puer tea should not be realized at too high or too low a temperature. By the same token, the tea does not fare well if the moisture content in the air is too high or too low. As a general rule, a temperature and relative humidity that we normally feel comfortable at would be suitable for Puer, say between 20°C and 30°C and around 70% respectively, which means that Malaysia has the right conditions for the storage of Puer.

B) Odour: Where possible, keep Puer in a store room for tea, or a space or a cupboard for storing Puer alone. This helps seal out the odour from other objects. Cooking smell from the kitchen, artificial fragrance emitted by toiletry items, or musty smell in the air are common in one’s home; we just have to keep Puer separately.

C) Light: Avoid exposing Puer to sunlight. Store it away from any direct source of light. Puer needs to be kept in cool, shaded places – its quality will deteriorate once it has been exposed to light source. Puer loses its vibrancy under the heat from sunlight and lighting devices. Keep Puer out of the light’s way, or risk having your tea becoming ‘flat’ in the long run.

D) Oxygen: Puer needs air flow. Having said that, there should not be an overly free flow of air as the tea requires a certain level of oxygen and moisture in the environment to facilitate ageing. For example, it can be kept in a small, uncluttered room. Keep the door close; leave it open a few times only in a month for some air exchange to ensure the tea’s vibrancy.

E) Container: For bigger quantity, follow the original form of packaging – wrap each tea cake with a piece of soft cotton paper, bundle every seven tea cakes into a stack with thick brown paper or dried bamboo leaves, and store the stacks of tea in a clean, odour-free card board box.
If there are just a few pieces of tea cakes to be stored, keep them in their original packaging and card board box. Paper packaging that has any trace of odour should be replaced promptly by good quality, odour-free soft cotton paper or clean envelopes. Wrap tea cakes individually; this way, the smell will not permeate through.
For Puer intended for occasional consumption and short-term storage, break Puer tea cakes into loose form and keep them in a purple clay or ceramic tea jar. Puer kept in such porous jars tends to age to maturity faster.
用棉紙包裝的一片普洱。
用牛皮紙包好的一桶普洱。
收藏普洱的紫砂與陶缸。
用竹殻包裝的一桶普洱。